There is a new option for those who are uninsured because of a pre-existing condition—the Pre-Existing Condition Insurance Plan (PCIP) program. Created by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the health reform law), the PCIP is designed to make health coverage available to those with pre-existing conditions. Importantly, the PCIP does not cost enrollees more just because of their medical condition.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services runs the PCIP program in twenty-three states and is contracting with a national insurance plan to administer the program. These states are: Arizona, Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nevada, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming, as well as the District of Columbia.
The remaining states are running their own pre-existing condition insurance plan programs. As a result, application procedures, costs and benefits for these state-run programs may differ not only from the federally-run PCIP, but also from other states.
Under the federally-run PCIP program, a broad range of health benefits are covered, including primary and specialty care, hospital care and prescription drugs. Benefits provided by these PCIPs are available even if they are used to treat a pre-existing condition.
To qualify for coverage under the PCIP program, a person:
- Must be a United States citizen or legal resident;
- Must have been without health coverage for at least the previous six months; and
- Must have a pre-existing condition or have been denied coverage because of health a condition.
The PCIP program offers three plan options:
- The Standard Plan;
- The Extended Plan; and
- The HSA Plan.
Each plan has its own premiums, calendar year deductibles, prescription deductibles, and co-payment requirements. However, all three plans pay for preventive care at 100%, with no deductible when a preventive diagnosis is indicated by an in-network doctor. Preventive care includes annual physicals, flu shots, routine mammograms, and cancer screenings. For non-preventive care, insureds staying in-network will pay 20% of their medical costs after satisfying the deductible.
Despite being a federally-run program, PCIP premiums may vary by state. For example, premiums are higher in Texas than they are in Florida.
In Florida, the monthly premiums for people 18 years old or younger are $118 for the Standard Option, $158 for the Extended Option, and $122 for the HSA Option. In Texas, the premiums are $133 for the Standard Option, $179 for the Extended Option, and $138 for the HSA Option. Similarly, those living in Florida ages 35 to 44 years old will pay $211 for the Standard Option, $284 for the Extended Option, and $220 for the HSA Option. In Texas, the monthly premiums are $239 for the Standard Option, $323 for the Extended Option, and $248 for the HSA Option.
Under this program, the first premium payment is due within 30 calendar days from the date an approval letter is received; otherwise the application will be cancelled. The effective date of coverage depends on the date the application and all supporting documents are received by the PCIP. If the documentation is received on or before the 15th of the month, coverage will be effective on the first day of the next month. If documentation is received after the 15th of the month, coverage will be effective on the first day of the second month.
If an application for coverage under the PCIP is denied, the applicant will receive a letter explaining the reasons for such denial. These applicants have 45 days to file an appeal of their denial, if they so desire. Otherwise, they are free to re-apply for PCIP coverage upon meeting the eligibility requirements.
The PCIP program is only available until 2014. This is because in 2014, insurance companies will be prohibited from refusing to sell coverage or renew policies because of a person’s pre-existing condition. Additionally, in 2014, individuals whose employers don’t offer them insurance will be able to buy insurance directly in a health insurance exchange.
For those who have been unable to get health insurance due to a pre-existing condition, the PCIP program may be the solution they have been looking for. However, given the disagreement and uncertainty surrounding health care reform, even after the Supreme Court upheld nearly every provision of the law, only time and experience will tell if the PCIP program is in fact what it was designed to be.
At Setnor Byer Insurance & Risk, we are committed to guiding you through the rapidly changing health care landscape. Be sure to check back with us periodically for future informational updates. In the meantime, if you have specific questions about health care reform or if you are ready to take action and would like to see how Setnor Byer Insurance & Risk can help, contact us.