In many states, including Florida, workers’ compensation insurance rates are set by the state, which means that regardless of which insurance company ultimately provides the insurance, the rates remain the same. Therefore, unlike with other types of insurance, consumers are limited in their ability to go bargain shopping for workers’ compensation insurance. However, this lack of bargaining power does not necessarily mean that employers are powerless to reduce their premiums. There is one way employers can lower the cost of their workers’ compensation insurance: maintain a safe working environment.
Workers’ compensation insurance provides indemnity and medical benefits to employees who are injured on the job. Each time an employee files a workers’ compensation claim, the insurance company must make a payment on the claim. Needless to say, insurance companies prefer insuring safe, or safer, workplaces because there are presumably fewer claims to pay, thereby increasing the company’s profits.
Thus, in an effort to encourage employers to maintain a safe working environment and to reward those that successfully do so, experience modification ratings are used to adjust an employer’s workers’ compensation premiums. Those employers who experience fewer or no claims are rewarded with a credit toward their premiums, while those employers who experience a higher number of claims may face increased premiums.
Determining an employer’s experience modification rating, or experience mod, involves fairly detailed and complex calculations which are designed to tailor the final premium cost to the employer’s actual claims experience. In short, the experience mod compares an employer’s actual workers’ compensation claims experience, typically over a three year period, with that of other employers operating in the same type of business with a similar number of employees.
If an employer’s claims experience is consistent with the industry average, then the experience mod is 1.0, which when multiplied by the base premium, will not serve to increase or decrease the premium. However, if an employer’s claims experience is 25% better than the industry average, then the experience mod will be .75, which when multiplied by the base premium, will decrease the premium by 25%. Alternatively, if an employer’s experience is 25% worse than the industry average, then the experience mod will be 1.25, which will operate to increase the premium by 25%. Therefore, by maintaining a safe workplace, employers can significantly reduce their workers’ compensation premiums.
In addition to having this basic understanding of the experience modification rating process, it is helpful to know some of the features of the rating process so an employer can tailor its safety and loss control procedures to maximize the benefits afforded by the experience mod.
For example, since the cost of a specific workplace injury is statistically less predictable than the likelihood of an occurrence of an injury, the experience mod places greater weight to accident frequency than it does to accident severity. In other words, an employer having one loss totaling $100,000 compared to an employer having 10 losses totaling $100,000 will have a better experience mod. This is because the employer suffering one loss is seen as the more stable risk. And, given the unpredictability of the total cost of an injury, the experience mod calculation takes into consideration the possibility that any single injury could have astronomical costs, thereby making a higher frequency of claims a greater risk than a single, expensive claim. Since a workplace with a higher frequency of claims involves a greater risk, the experience mod will operate to make the premiums higher.
Employers should also know that medical-only claims do not have as much of an impact on the experience modification as do indemnity claims. Since the calculation reduces the value of medical-only claims by 70%, employers are not necessarily penalized when they occur. Moreover, the existence of open claims, or claims that have not yet been resolved, can negatively impact the experience mod, so employers benefit from getting claims resolved and closed.
In addition to adjusting an employer’s experience mod, some insurance companies may reward employers by offering payments, typically called dividends, to insureds that eliminate or otherwise limit the number of claims filed by their employees. These dividends, which are generally reserved for the most attractive risks, are usually based on a sliding scale wherein the amount of the dividend decreases as the number of claims increases. However, it is important not to get too caught up in the most generous dividend percentage. For example, if an employer has a history of at least four workplace injuries per year, then it is unrealistic to focus on the dividend percentage that is available only to those insureds experiencing no injuries. The best approach is to compare dividend percentages that comport with an employer’s specific claims history.
Understanding all the aspects of the workers’ compensation experience modification rating system, including the manner in which it can be addressed to achieve the maximum benefit, can be overwhelming. That is why it is important to utilize the services of an insurance agent who is familiar with not only the ins-and-outs of the experience mod rating system, and available dividend plans, but who can also provide information regarding loss control and workplace safety.
Despite the lack of competitive premiums in some states, maintaining a safe work environment remains the best way to reduce the cost of workers’ compensation insurance. By understanding the nature of the workplace, including procedures which may be incorporated to reduce the number of claims, the right insurance agent can work with the insurance company to ensure claims are treated appropriately in order to take advantage of the benefits afforded by the experience modification rating system.
If you would like more information about obtaining workers’ compensation insurance for your organization, contact us.