Over two years ago, the possibility of new overtime rules for white-collar employees under the Fair Labor Standard Act (FLSA) first appeared on the horizon. Last year, the Department of Labor (DOL) released proposed revisions to overtime exemption regulations, including those for executive, administrative and professional employees. Today, that once looming possibility is looking more like a fast approaching reality. Fast, as in possibly by mid-July, fast.
On March 14, 2016, the DOL submitted its final version of the revised overtime exemption regulations to the White House’s Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review. Once the OMB completes its review, the final regulations will be published. After that, it’s just a matter of time. Unfortunately, there are some details we still don’t know about the final regulations. Minor details, really, like what they are or when they will go into effect.
What will be different under the final regulations?
No one really knows. The final regulations will not be made public until the OMB completes its review, and few details have leaked or been disclosed. Many expect the final regulations to be identical or very similar to the proposed regulations issued in July 2015, including the DOL’s proposal to:
- Increase the minimum salary requirement for white collar exemptions from $455 per week ($23,660/year) to $921 per week ($47,892/year);
- Increase the minimum compensation requirement for the Highly Compensated Employee exemption from $100,000 to $122,148 per year; and
- Automatically update the new minimum salary and compensation levels annually.
It’s possible that the final regulations may include additional changes, particularly the duties test used to determine eligibility under the current white-collar exemptions . In the proposed regulations, the DOL asked for comments about whether changes need to be made to the duties tests. Though the DOL specifically stated that it’s not proposing any specific regulatory changes to the duties test, we don’t know for sure.
When will the final regulations become effective?
This is also uncertain, but it may be sooner than initially expected. The Solicitor of Labor has indicated that the effective date of the final regulations will be 60 days after publication. But, before they can be published, they must be reviewed. The OMB generally has 90 days to review regulations, which would put the deadline near the middle of June. However, because of the upcoming election, the middle of May is probably the OMB’s real deadline. Here’s why.
Under the Congressional Review Act (CRA), Congress is generally given 60 days to review and disapprove a major rule, like the DOL’s new overtime exemption regulations. However, the CRA makes an exception for “midnight rules” that are issued toward the end of an administration. If a rule is issued too late, the 60-day review period essentially resets to give the next session of Congress an opportunity to review and disapprove the rule.
The current administration does not want this to happen, so the OMB must complete its review before the date on which the CRA’s reset provision is triggered. Otherwise, the new overtime exemption regulations would be at the mercy of the next Congress and a new president.
According to calculations by the Congressional Research Service, this date is estimated to be May 16, 2016.
This date was estimated using projected congressional schedules, so it may change. Nevertheless, if we assume the final regulations are published by May 16, 2016, and add 60 days, the new regulations could become effective around July 15, 2016, maybe even sooner!
Or, maybe later. On March 17, 2016, the Protecting Workplace Advancement and Opportunity Act was introduced as a bill. If passed, this law would essentially void any changes made to the white-collar overtime exemptions. Before proposing any new changes, the law would also require the DOL to undertake a comprehensive analysis of how changing overtime regulations would impact employers, including small businesses.
In the meantime, potentially significant changes to overtime pay requirements for white-collar employees may soon be here. How can employers prepare? Unfortunately, plans cannot be finalized until the final regulations are released, but employers can use the July 2015 proposed regulations as a guide to begin developing preliminary plans. In case there are any surprises, these plans should be flexible and capable of adapting to possible contingencies.
The risk of employment-related lawsuits, particularly those involving overtime under the FLSA, is nothing new for employers. But, the prospect of new rules, and their uncertainty, is expected to increase that risk significantly. Employment Practices Liability Insurance can protect against various employment-related claims, and limited coverage for wage and hour claims may also be available.
Please contact us if you would like to learn more about protecting your business with employment practices liability insurance.
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